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Yasir Y Ali
Mowafaq M Al-Nusair
Farooq S Alani
Firdouse Rahman Khan
Latifa H Al-Badi


Unemployment, Omanization, Private Sector, Challenges and Opportunities in the Private Sector of Oman



The objective of the study is to analyze the factors impeding Omanization policies in the selected sectors - Construction, Retail and Tourism of Oman economy and to find out the cause for the disparity created between the graduates and the jobs availability.


The study adopted both qualitative and quantitative analysis. The interview approach was administered to collect the data from the Government officials, employers of expats in the private sector,  Omani youth seeking employment and employees from Muscat, Sohar, and Salalah.


Lack of coordination between government and the private sector in the formulation of Omanization policies contributing to sustained high level expatriate workers in Oman’s private sector leaving a large gap between the Omani job seekers and job availability in the selected sectors.

Practical Implications

Every year, the number of graduates is exceeding the number of jobs available in the economy and this paper draws attention to align this alarming issue through proper suggestions.

Social Implications

There is an urgent need to improve the alignment between the qualification and skills bestowed on nationals by education systems and the needs of the market through devising proper mechanisms.


Very few studies have examined the harmony of Higher Education and market requirements in Oman. This is first hand study of its kind.


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