Main Article Content
Literary Culture, Gallantry Culture, Nikolay Karamzin, “Sensitive Novels”
Purpose of the study: The article focuses on the study of gallantry culture in terms of the theory of intercultural communication on the example of fiction written by N.M. Karamzin, an outstanding representative of European and Russian sentimentalism.
Methods and materials: The theoretical aspects of the problem of gallantry are considered in the context of the main provisions of modern concepts of intercultural communication. N.M. Karamzin’s “sensitive” novels are analyzed from the standpoint of gallant secular ceremonies.
Main findings: The concept of gallantry is associated with the psychological aspects of the new secular personality. It is correlated with the educational and didactic ideas of the Enlightenment and the chivalry code. The basis of true gallant psychology as a sensitive world view is love, passion, and tenderness, which forms a system of ideas for the gallant education of the younger generation in a new society at the turn of the 18th – 19thcenturies. The article reveals the main features of the gallant gentleman: sensitivity, melancholy, virtue, lack of rational principles.
The originality of the study: The ideas about the interrelated gradual comprehension of Beauty and Virtue, Love and the sensory perception of Beauty as a Divine principle are likewise important. The discoveries of N.M. Karamzin, a writer and a psychologist, in the sphere of gallant psychology and the general cultural phenomenon of gallantry are connected with the analysis of the person’s internal rules of behavior, thinking and world perception. The article shows how the writer developed new cultural studies at the joint of literature, everyday life and psychology, which laid the foundation of the studied problem.
2. Bazhenova, T.P. (2005). Europeanization of Russian culture: the essence and features. from: http://www.dissercat.com/content/evropeizatsiya-russkoi-kultury-sushchnost-i-osobennosti
3. Bludilina, N.D. (2005). West in Russian literature of the 18th century.
4. Brinkjost, U. (2000). Geschichte und Geschichten. Asthetisher und historiographischer Diskurs bei N.M. Karamzin. Munchen: Verlag Otto Sanger, 245. https://doi.org/10.3726/b12625
5. Fedoseeva, T.V. (2008). Theoretical and methodological foundations of Russian preromanticismliterature. Moscow: Moscow State Regional University, 158.
6. Howard, N.R. (2018). Sentimentalism about Moral Understanding. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 21(5), 1065-1078. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10677-018-9946-y
7. Kafanova, O.B. (2016). Translations of N.M. Karamzin as a global text. In N.M. Karamzin in the Russian book culture. Moscow: Pashkov Dom, 48-60.
8. Karamzin, N.M. (1984). Worksin 2 volumes, Volume 2. Leningrad: Khudozhestvennaya Literatura, 584-621.
9. Kochetkova, N.D. (1994). Literature of Russian sentimentalism (Aesthetic and artistic study). St. Petersburg: Nauka, 279.
10. Kudrevatykh, A.N. (2009). “Sensitive and cold. Two characters”: New facets of Karamzin’spsychologism. http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/chuvstvitelnyy-i-holodnyy-dva-haraktera-novye-grani-karamzinskogo-psihologizma.
11. Kuvshinova, N.V. (2009). Moral foundations of ideological ideas of N.M. Karamzin.
12. Lewis, R. (2013). Sources and paths of culture: from irreconcilable diversity to international dialogue. Lotman, Yu.M. (2008). Conversations about Russian culture: Life and traditions of the Russian nobility (the 18th – the early 19thcentury). St. Petersburg: Iskusstvo-SPb, 496.
13. N.M. Karamzin in the dialogue of epochs and cultures. (2017). Siedlce: IKR[i)BL, 248.
14. N.M. Karamzin in the Russian book culture. (2016). Moscow: Pashkov Dom, 172.
15. Pashkurov, A.N. (2005). Genre and thematic modifications of the poetry of Russian sentimentalism and pre-romanticism in the light of the category of the Sublime. Kazan: Kazan University, 450.
16. Pashkurov, A.N. and Razzhivin, A.I. (2012a). Phenomenology of Russian literature of the 18th century, Part 1. Saarbrucken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing AV Akademikerverlag GmbH-and-Co.KG, 318.
17. Pashkurov, A.N. and Razzhivin, A.I. (2012b). Phenomenology of Russian literature of the 18th century, Part 2. Saarbrucken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing AV Akademikerverlag GmbH-and-Co.KG, 406.
18. Pashkurov, A.N. and Razzhivin, A.I. (2014). Literary culture as a dialog of contradictions and reconciler (basing on review of poetics of Russian literature of XVIII – beginning of XIX century). Life Science Journal, 11(8s), 120 – 124.
19. Pashkurov, A.N. and Razzhivin, A.I. (2016). Literary Culture its Types and Lessons. European Journal of Science and Theology, 12(2), 155-164.
20. Pashkurov, A.N. and Razzhivin, A.I. (2018a). The history of Russian literature of the 18thcentury. Moscow: Flinta Nauka, 448.
21. Pashkurov, A.N. and Razzhivin, A.I. (2018b). History of Russian literature of the 18th century: in 2 parts, Part 1. Moscow: Flinta: Nauka, 408.
22. Pashkurov, A.N., Razzhivin, A.I. and Dulalaeva, I.Yu. (2018a). The Idyll and he Problems of Harmonizing Culture. Opcion, 34(85), 1904 – 1917.
23. Pashkurov, A.N., Razzhivin, A.I. and Dulalaeva, I.Yu. (2018b). Trinitarian thought strategies in freemasonry religious teachings (on the phenomenon formation stages in Russia). European Journal of Science and Theology, 14(4), 73 – 84.
24. Razzhivin, A.I. (2001). The magic of redfiction: The aesthetics of Russianpre-romanticpoetry. Kirov: Vyatka State Pedagogical University, 95.
25. Redmond, M. F. (2015). Face and Politeness Theories. English Technical Reports and White Papers. Retrieved April 5, 2019 from: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/engl_reports/2
26. Teleshova, R.I. and Dubnyakova, O.A. (2017). Dialogue of France and Russia in French literature. Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Bulletin, 7(4), 223-237. https://doi.org/10.15293/2226-3365.1704.15
27. Tomarken, E. (2002). Genre and Ethics: The Education of the Eighteenth-century Critic. Delaware. London: Associated University Press, 284.
28. Troyan, I.I. (1999). The pedagogical thought of Russia in the second half of the 18thcentury about raising children in the family. Retrieved April 6, 2019 from: https://www.dissercat.com/content/pedagogicheskaya-mysl-rossii-vtoroi-poloviny-xviii-veka-o-vospitanii-detei-v-seme
29. Udodov, M.Yu. (1989). M.Yu. Lermontov’s novel “Hero of Our Time”. Moscow: Prosveshcheniye, 188.
30. Zykova, E. (2016). The gallantly-heroic novel of the 17thcentury in Charlotte Lennox’s novel The Female Quixote. The 18thcentury as a mirror of other eras. The 18thcentury in the mirror of other eras. St. Petersburg: Aletheia, 356 – 366.