THE REALITY ON APPLICATION AND CHALLENGES OF CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION (CCTV) IMAGES AS EVIDENCE IN SHARIAH CRIMINAL CASES IN MALAYSIA

Main Article Content

Wan Abdul Fattah Wan Ismail
Syahirah Abdul Shukor
Hasnizam Hashim
Lukman Abdul Mutalib
Ahmad Syukran Baharuddin

Keywords

Fundamentals of Forensic Science, Fiqh Forensics, Shariah Criminal Cases, CCTV images, Electronic document, Electronic evidence

Abstract

Purpose of the study: This study analyses the evidencing procedure via Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) images in criminal cases of hudud, qisas, and takzir based on the Islamic Law of Evidence in Malaysia.


Methodology: The method used to analyze data is content analysis on primary and secondary data sources gained from various sources.


Main Findings: Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) images are classified under the definition of an electronic document in Malaysia’s Shariah law.


Applications of this study: This study proved the admission of video as evidence in cases including zina (adultery), qazaf (offense of making an accusation of zina) and other criminal offenses.


Novelty/Originality of this study: This study discovers how far Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV) images are being used as evidence and challenges faced in convicting charges in Shariah court using this evidence.

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